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1075 facts for kids

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Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 10th century11th century12th century
Decades: 1040s  1050s  1060s  – 1070s –  1080s  1090s  1100s
Years: 1072 1073 107410751076 1077 1078

Year 1075 (MLXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


  • February – Pope Gregory VII holds a council that publishes a decree against lay investiture.
  • April – Pope Gregory VII publishes the Dictatus Papae (Sayings of the Pope, aka the Dictates of Hildebrand), in which he asserts papal authority over earthly as well as spiritual rulers.
  • Revolt of the Earls: Three earls rebel against William I of England (William the Conqueror), in the last serious act of resistance to the Norman Conquest.
  • First Battle of Langensalza: Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Saxon nobles and subjugates Saxony.
  • The Liao Dynasty version of the Buddhist Tripitaka is completed (approximate date).
  • Anund Gårdske is removed as king of Svealand and king Håkan the Red of Gothenland makes himself king of all Sweden.
  • The Seljuk Turks take Jerusalem from the Fatimids.
  • Lý dynasty forces under Lý Thường Kiệt defend Vietnam against invasion by Song Dynasty China.
  • The Song Dynasty Chinese polymath scientist and statesman Shen Kuo solves a border dispute with the Liao Dynasty by finding old diplomatic records; he argues Emperor Daozong of Liao's bluffs point for point during a meeting at Mt. Yongan (near modern Pingquan in Hebei), and reestablishes the Song's borders.


  • June 9 – Lothair II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1137)
  • Saint Magnus Erlendsson (d. 1116 or 1117)
  • Adelaide del Vasto (d. 1118)
  • Orderic Vitalis, monk and historian (approximate date)


  • June 10 – Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)
  • August 2 – Patriarch John VIII of Constantinople
  • December 4 – Anno II, archbishop of Cologne
  • December 19 – Edith of Wessex, queen of Edward the Confessor of England
  • John Xiphilinus, Byzantine historian
  • Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, King of Gwynedd
  • Peter Krešimir IV, King of Croatia
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