Azerbaijan Railways facts for kids
|"Azerbaijan Railways" Closed Joint-Stock Company
“Azərbaycan Dəmir Yolları” Qapalı Səhmdar Cəmiyyəti
Azerbaijan railway map (current)
|Dates of operation||1991–current|
|Predecessor||Russian Imperial Railways 1878-1917
Soviet Railways 1917-1991
|Track gauge||1,520 mm (4 ft 117⁄8 in)|
|Length||2,932 km (1,822 mi)|
|Website||Azerbaijan Railways Official Site (in Azerbaijani)|
"Azerbaijan Railways" Closed Joint-Stock Company (Azerbaijani: “Azərbaycan Dəmir Yolları” Qapalı Səhmdar Cəmiyyəti) is the national state-owned rail transport company in the Republic of Azerbaijan. The total length of the rail network is 2,932 km (1,822 mi), with a 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 7⁄8 in) rail gauge which is electrified at 3 kV (3,000 V) DC. The headquarters of the Azerbaijan Railways is in the capital Baku.
The Azerbaijan Railways was made from the Soviet Railways. The Soviet Railways itself came after the Russian Imperial Railways.
After the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, its railway system broke up into national railway systems of many countries which used to be in the Soviet Union. The Republic of Azerbaijan became independent the same year and the Azerbaijan Railways was made.
The first railway line in Azerbaijan was laid in 1878 and was opened in 1880 in the suburbs outside Baku.
There are 2,932 km (1,822 mi) kilometers of railway tracks out of which 72% or 2,117 km (1,315 mi) kilometers are single railway tracks and 28% or 815 km (506 mi) kilometers are double railway tracks which are laid next to each other.
Of the total length of the railway routes 43% or 1,272 km (790 mi) are electrified.
About 38% of the length of the railway routes or 1,126 km (700 mi) has full automatic railway signaling systems and 16% or 479 km (298 mi) are supported by the communications and repair employees who are responsible for getting and giving the right and trustworthy messages to the train drivers and railway stations on time, and following and repairing the trains and railway equipment.
The railway has 176 railway stations, 2 of which Biləcəri (in Baku) and Şirvan are completely automatic, 12 stations have extra places in railway storage areas for cargo containers with adapted mechanisms and machines, 3 stations – Keşlə (in Baku), Gəncə and Xırdalan are able to supply many cargo containers.
Of the total length of the railway routes 72% or 2,117 km (1,315 mi) are for public transport and does not include railway routes for freight rail transport.
A lot of the railway track and trains have to be repaired or replaced. However, with the Kars–Tbilisi–Baku railway, a regional rail link project that will directly connect Turkey, Georgia and Azerbaijan which is being built right now, the railway lines are getting more modern in Azerbaijan with the newest technology and brand new and fast trains will be added. These will replace the old trains which are still being used. The freight market share of the railways are also expected to rise quickly with the completion of the Kars–Tbilisi–Baku railway in 2012.
The total length of the Azerbaijan Railways ranks 57th in length among the countries in the world.
- Russia - 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 7⁄8 in) gauge.
- Georgia - 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 7⁄8 in) gauge - also new 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge link to Turkey (under construction - due to be completed in 2012).
- Iran - change of gauge 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 7⁄8 in) - 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in).
- Turkey - no link - change of gauge 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 7⁄8 in) - also new 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge via Georgia (under construction - due to be completed in 2012).
- Armenia - 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 7⁄8 in) gauge - closed for political reasons.
Images for kids
Alstom Prima AZ4A on the international train to Tbilisi
Azerbaijan Railways Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.