Baikonur Cosmodrome facts for kids
Russian: Космодром Байконур
|Baikonur Cosmodrome's "Gagarin's Start" Soyuz launch pad before the rollout of Soyuz TMA-13, 10 October 2008.|
|A Soyuz rocket takes off from Baikonur|
|IATA: none – ICAO: none – LID: GC0015|
Russian Aerospace Forces
|Elevation AMSL||90 m / 300 ft|
Baikonur Cosmodrome (Russian: Космодро́м Байкону́р; Kazakh: Байқоңыр ғарыш айлағы) is a spaceport in southern Kazakhstan. It is the first and most active space port in the world. It is leased to Russia until 2050, and is managed by Roskosmos and the Russian aerospace forces. It was originally built by the Soviet Union in the late 1950s. There are many commercial, military and scientific rocket launches each year All crewed Russian spaceflights are launched from Baikonur.
Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite, was launched from Baikonur in 1957. Vostok 1, the first human spaceflight, was also launched from Baikonur, carrying Yuri Gagarin. The launchpad used for both of these missions was renamed Gagarin's Start.
Images for kids
A U-2 spy plane photograph of R-7 launch pad in Tyuratam, taken on 5 August 1957.
Baikonur Cosmodrome Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.