Bison facts for kids
Temporal range: 2–0Ma Early Pleistocene – Recent
Hamilton Smith, 1827
Bison live in the northern part of the world. The American bison lives in North America where they formerly wander around the prairies in huge herds. The wisent lives in Europe. Bison can also live in rugged areas.
They are the biggest mammals in North America. There used to be as many as 30 million bison in the United States, but because of hunting, by 1890, only 1,000 bison were left. Through conservation efforts, there are now more American bison than there used to be, but still far fewer than there were before the 1800s.
They live to be about 20 years old and are born without their "hump" or horns, which both males and females have. After shedding their light colored hair, and with their horns, they are grown at 2 to 3 years of age, but the males keep growing slowly until about age seven. Adult bulls are very dominant in mating season. Adult bison usually have one or two baby bison.
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Images for kids
Magdalenian bison on plaque, 17,000–9,000 BC, Bédeilhac grottoe, Ariège
Bisons depicted at Cave of Altamira
A group of images by Eadweard Muybridge, set to motion to illustrate the movement of the bison
Photo from the 1870s of a pile of American bison skulls waiting to be ground for fertilizer.
A bison charges an elk in Yellowstone National Park.
Bison Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.