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Chã das Caldeiras facts for kids

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Chã das Caldeiras
Village of Chã das Caldeiras before the 2014–15 eruption
Village of Chã das Caldeiras before the 2014–15 eruption
Country Cape Verde
Island Fogo
Municipality Santa Catarina do Fogo
Civil parish Santa Catarina do Fogo
Population (2010)
 • Total 697

The Chã das Calderas ("Plain of the calderas"), sometimes abbreviated Chã ("Plain"), is a caldera on the island of Fogo, Cape Verde. With a diameter of 9 km (6 mi) and open to the east, it is surrounded on the west by the bordeira, a mountainous wall which rises to 2,700 m (8,858 ft). It was made by the eruption of Monte Armarelo, which was replaced by the smaller Pico do Fogo.

Geography

Bangaeira (1)
View of the town of Bangaeira.

The Chã das Caldeiras is in southwestern Cape Verde and occupies the north-east of the island of Fogo. It is shared between the municipalities of Mosteiros to the north and Santa Catarina do Fogo to the south.

A little more of a thousand people live permanently inside the caldera, in the small towns of Bangaeira and Portela; these towns are at about 1,700 m (5,577 ft), where sometimes the temperature gets to 0 °C (32 °F). Part of the National Park of Fogo, it is one of the main tourist destinations of Cape Verde. It is accessed by a single central road 35 km (22 mi) long from São Filipe.

The vegetation is sparse but several endemic plants nevertheless grow there, especially Echium vulcanorum (lingua-de-vaca) and Erysimum caboverdeanum (crabo bravo) that can not be found anywhere else. Others are Sarcostemma daltonii (gestiba), Verbascum cystolithicum (mato-branco), Lavandula rotundifolia (aipo) ou Euphorbia tuckeyana (tortolho).

Economy

Where land is not covered by lava, farmers grow fruit trees, grains and vineyards. A cooperative produces a local wine, the manecon, which is not send to other countries.

Infrastructure

A school had 158 students in 2010. The village of Portela has two churches, one Catholic and one Adventist.

In 2012 there was no electricity in the villages of Bangaeira and Portela but the connection is expected in 2016.



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