Chã das Caldeiras facts for kids
|Chã das Caldeiras|
Village of Chã das Caldeiras before the 2014–15 eruption
|Municipality||Santa Catarina do Fogo|
|Civil parish||Santa Catarina do Fogo|
The Chã das Calderas ("Plain of the calderas"), sometimes abbreviated Chã ("Plain"), is a caldera on the island of Fogo, Cape Verde. With a diameter of 9 km (6 mi) and open to the east, it is surrounded on the west by the bordeira, a mountainous wall which rises to 2,700 m (8,858 ft). It was made by the eruption of Monte Armarelo, which was replaced by the smaller Pico do Fogo.
The Chã das Caldeiras is in southwestern Cape Verde and occupies the north-east of the island of Fogo. It is shared between the municipalities of Mosteiros to the north and Santa Catarina do Fogo to the south.
A little more of a thousand people live permanently inside the caldera, in the small towns of Bangaeira and Portela; these towns are at about 1,700 m (5,577 ft), where sometimes the temperature gets to 0 °C (32 °F). Part of the National Park of Fogo, it is one of the main tourist destinations of Cape Verde. It is accessed by a single central road 35 km (22 mi) long from São Filipe.
The vegetation is sparse but several endemic plants nevertheless grow there, especially Echium vulcanorum (lingua-de-vaca) and Erysimum caboverdeanum (crabo bravo) that can not be found anywhere else. Others are Sarcostemma daltonii (gestiba), Verbascum cystolithicum (mato-branco), Lavandula rotundifolia (aipo) ou Euphorbia tuckeyana (tortolho).
In 2012 there was no electricity in the villages of Bangaeira and Portela but the connection is expected in 2016.
Office of tourism in a funco, a traditional house.
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Chã das Caldeiras Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.