Charles K. Kao facts for kids
Sir Charles Kuen Kao
GBM KBE FRS FREng
|Died||23 September 2018
Sha Tin, Hong Kong
|Alma mater||University College London (PhD 1965, issued by University of London)
Woolwich Polytechnic (BSc 1957, issued by University of London)
|Known for||Fiber optics
|Institutions||The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Standard Telephones and Cables
|Doctoral advisor||Harold Barlow|
He helped discover the development and use of fiber optics in telecommunications. Kao was awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Physics for "groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication". Kao holds dual citizenship of the United Kingdom and the United States. Kao is known as the "Godfather of Broadband".
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Alexander Graham Bell, pioneer of telecommunication and an alumnus of University College London (UCL), was awarded the first U.S. patent for telephone in 1876. After 90 years in 1966, Kao and Hockham published their groundbreaking article in fiber-optic communication. Kao is also an alumnus of UCL, and was awarded the prestigious Alexander Graham Bell Medal of IEEE in 1985. Kao was awarded an honorary doctorate by UCL in 2010.
Guglielmo Marconi, pioneer of wireless telecommunication, was awarded half of the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics. In 2009, the century anniversary of Marconi's Nobel, Kao was awarded half of the same prize for his pioneer work on optical fiber which has "rewired the world". Kao was also awarded the Marconi Prize in 1985, and is a Fellow of the Marconi Society.
Charles K. Kao Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.