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Druze
موحدّون دروز
Druze star.svg
Druze star
Total population
≈800,000–2,000,000
Founder
Hamza and Al Hakim
Regions with significant populations
 Syria 600,000
 Lebanon 200,000
 Israel 150,000
 Jordan 20,000
 Venezuela 60,000
 United States 50,000
 Canada 25,000
 Australia 20,000
 Germany 14,000
Religions
Unitarian Druze
Scriptures
Epistles of Wisdom (Rasa'il al-hikma)
Languages

The Druze are an Arabic-speaking people of the Middle East.

There are more than 500,000 Druze. Most of them live in Syria and Lebanon. Some have emigrated to the United States and Canada.

The Druze practice a religion related to Islam and Christianity but more based on philosophy. Al-Hakim, a ruler of Egypt during the 11th century sponsored the religion which was created by Hamza bin Ali. The name Druze probably comes from Darazi, a preacher who was expelled from the Druze movement, because he preached that Al-Hakim was literally God.

Although sometimes many Druze consider themselves part of Shia Islam, in Israel they are considered part of a different ethnic and religious group within the Arabic-speaking minority.

The Druze in Lebanon had a major political influence and were the rulers of Lebanon before the 1860s. After the 1860s, they shared the ruling of Mount Lebanon with the Maronites and were later considered the 4th major religious sect after independence. They played a key role in fighting against the Lebanese Christian right during the early 1980s. The Druze ended their fighting against the Lebanese Christian right in late 1990. In 1990 and 1991, they gained representation in Lebanon's government in accordance with a 1989 peace agreement.


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