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François Duvalier facts for kids

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François Duvalier
Duvalier (cropped).jpg
Duvalier in 1968
32nd President of Haiti
In office
22 October 1957 – 21 April 1971
Preceded by Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau (Chairman of the Military Council)
Succeeded by Jean-Claude Duvalier
Minister of Public Health and Labor
In office
14 October 1949 – 10 May 1950
President Dumarsais Estimé
Preceded by Antonio Vieux (Public Health)
Louis Bazin (Labor)
Succeeded by Joseph Loubeau (Public Health)
Emile Saint-Lot (Labor)
Undersecretary of Labor
In office
26 November 1948 – 14 October 1949
President Dumarsais Estimé
Personal details
Born (1907-04-14)14 April 1907
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Died 21 April 1971(1971-04-21) (aged 64)
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Political party National Unity Party
Spouse(s)
Simone Duvalier (m. 1939)
Children Marie‑Denise Duvalier
Nicole Duvalier
Simone Duvalier
Jean-Claude Duvalier
Alma mater University of Haiti (MD)
Occupation Physician

François Duvalier (14 April 1907 - 21 April 1971), known as "Papa Doc" because he was once a doctor, was the President (dictator) and Head of State of Haiti from 1957 until his death. He was excommunicated from the Catholic Church for expelling foreign-born bishops.

Like many rulers of Haiti, he was called "President for Life". His widow was Simone Duvalier. When he died their son, Jean-Claude Duvalier, called "Baby Doc", became President.

He was born and died at Port-au-Prince, Haiti. He died of diabetes and heart disease.

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