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Guéret
Prefecture and commune
The prefecture of the Creuse department
The prefecture of the Creuse department
Coat of arms of Guéret
Coat of arms
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Creuse
Arrondissement Guéret
Canton Guéret-1
Guéret-2
Intercommunality Le Grand-Guéret
Area1 26.21 km2 (10.12 sq mi)
Population (2014) 13,342
 • Density 509.04/km2 (1,318.41/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Guérétois
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
INSEE/Postal code 23096 /23000
Elevation 350–685 m (1,148–2,247 ft)
(avg. 518 m or 1,699 ft)
Website www.ville-gueret.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Guéret (Occitan: Garait) is a commune of France. It is the prefecture of the Creuse department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

History

In 1514, Guéret became the capital of the County of Marche, a medieval French county, approximately corresponding to the modern Creuse department.

In 1790, when the departments were created, Guéret was named as the capital of the Creuse department.

Geography

Guéret is in a plateau between the Creuse and the Gartempe rivers, at the foot of two hills: the Puy de Gaudy, 651 m (2,136 ft) high, and the Maupuy, 689 m (2,260 ft) high. The commune has an area of 26.2 km2 (10.1 sq mi), and its average altitude is 518 m (1,699 ft); at the city hall, the altitude is 431 m (1,414 ft).

The city of Guéret is at about 291 km (181 mi) from Bordeaux, at 374 km (232 mi) from Toulouse, at 390 km (240 mi) from Paris and at 327 km (203 mi) from Lyon.

Guéret and its neighboring communes
Map of the commune of Guéret

The communes that are around Guéret are Saint-Fiel, Sainte-Feyre, Savennes, Saint-Christophe, La Chapelle-Taillefert, Saint-Léger-le-Guérétois and Saint-Sulpice-le-Guérétois.

Climate

Guéret has an oceanic climate with relatively hot summers, mild winters and abundant rainfall, Cfb in the Köppen climate classification.

Population

The inhabitants of Guéret are known, in French, as Guérétois (women: Guérétoises).

The commune of Guéret has a population, in 2014, of 13,342; its population density is of 509 inhabitants/km2.

Evolution of the population in Guéret

Guéret forms, together with Saint-Fiel, the urban area of Guéret with a population of 14,157 inhabitants (2013) and an area of 42.9 km2 (16.6 sq mi). This urban area is the centre of the metropolitan area of Guéret, formed by 32 communes with a population of 31,499 inhabitants and an area of 626.4 km2 (241.9 sq mi).

Administration

Guéret is the prefecture of the Creuse department, the capital of the arrondissement of Guéret and the administrative centre (French: chef-lieu) of two cantons:

  • Guéret-1, with 9,332 inhabitants (2014).
  • Guéret-2, with 9,724 inhabitants (2014).

It is part of the intercommunality Le Grand Guéret (French: Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Guéret).

Sister cities

Guéret is twinned with:

Sites of interest

  • The Hotel de Moneyroux. This building, of Gothic style, was built in the fifteenth century. It is now the headquarters of the General Council of the Creuse.
  • The Presidial, dating from the seventeenth century, now is the town hall.
  • The Museum of the Sénatorerie. The building served as house for senators under Napoleon. Since 1832, the Society of Archaeological and Natural Sciences of the Creuse has been housed here.
  • Courtille lake, a recreation area south of Guéret, is an artificial lake along a shaded path.
  • Chabrières forest is a large forest to the south of Guéret. It has a zoo, where one can see wolves in semi-liberty in large espaces with walls. Here there are some big dolmens.

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