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Haldimand County facts for kids

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City (single-tier)
Haldimand County
The Grand River Bridge, which carries Argyle St. over the Grand River in Caledonia.
The Grand River Bridge, which carries Argyle St. over the Grand River in Caledonia.
Map of Ontario HALDIMAND.svg
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Established 1800 (County)
Restructured 1974 (Regional Municipality of Haldimand-Norfolk)
Amalgamated 2001 (Single-tier municipality)
 • Land 1,251.57 km2 (483.23 sq mi)
 • Total 44,876
 • Density 35.9/km2 (93/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span N0A, N1A, N3W
Area code(s) 519, 226, 905, 289, 365

Haldimand is a rural city-status single-tier municipality (but called a county) on the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario, Canada, on the north shore of Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. Municipal offices are located in Cayuga.


Haldimand's history has been closely associated with that of the neighbouring Norfolk County. Haldimand was first created as a county in 1800, from a portion of Norfolk. It was named after the governor of the Province of Quebec Sir Frederick Haldimand. In 1844 the land was surrendered by Six Nations to the Crown in an agreement that was signed by the vast majority of Chiefs in the Haldimand tract.

See Norfolk County History for the period when Haldimand and Norfolk were governed as a single unit.

Beginning in February 2006, a land dispute by native protesters began near Caledonia over a housing development being built on the outskirts of town, which members of the nearby Mohawk Six Nations people claim is rightfully their land.


The population centres in Haldimand are Caledonia, Dunnville, Hagersville, Jarvis and Cayuga. Part of the Six Nations Reserve is within the geographic area of Haldimand County, but is independent of the county. Most of Haldimand is agricultural land, although some heavy industry, including the Nanticoke Generating Station, is located here.

Smaller communities within the municipality are Attercliffe Station, Balmoral, Bodri Bay, Brookers Bay, Byng, Canborough, Canfield, Cheapside, Clanbrassil, Crescent Bay, Decewsville, Empire Corners, Featherstone Point, Fisherville, Garnet, Hoover Point, Kohler, Little Buffalo, Lowbanks, Moulton, Mount Carmel, Mount Healy, Nanticoke, Nelles Corners, Peacock Point, Port Maitland, Rainham Centre, Selkirk, Sims Lock, South Cayuga, Springvale, Stromness, Sweets Corners, Townsend, Willow Grove, Woodlawn Park and York.

The ghost towns of Cook's Station, Cranston, Dufferin, Erie, Indiana Lambs Corners, Lythmore, Sandusk, Upper, Varency, are also located within Haldimand.

Historic townships

Haldimand County area 284,817 acres (1,153 km2) was formed from part of the land grant to the Six Nations in 1783. The County was purchased by treaty and opened for general settlement in 1832. It was first settled by white veterans of Butler's Rangers established there by Joseph Brant. A large number of Germans were among the first settlers.

  • Canborough, area 21,586 acres (87 km2). Granted in 1794 by Joseph Brant to John Dochstader of Butler's Rangers. Purchased by Benjamin Canby in 1810 for 5,000, he named the village-site "Canborough. Community centre: Canborough, Darling and it touches Dunnville
  • Dunn, area 15,122 acres (61 km2). Opened for settlement in 1833. Community centre: Dunnville
  • Moulton, area 27,781 acres (112 km2). Landowner Henry John Boulton named the township from the Boulton family seat in England.
  • North Cayuga, area 32,825 acres (133 km2).
  • Oneida, area 32,598 acres (132 km2). Joseph Brant granted a 999 year lease of part of Oneida and Seneca townships to Henry Nelles, of Butler's Rangers and his sons, Robert, Abraham, William, Warner and John. Community centres were: Caledonia, Dufferin and Hagersville.
  • Rainham, area 25,705 acres (104 km2) Community centres: Balmoral, Selkirk, Rainham Centre and Fisherville.
  • Seneca, area 41,721 acres (169 km2). Community centres: York and Caledonia
  • Sherbrooke, area 5,098 acres (21 km2), the smallest township in Ontario. Opened in 1825 and named from Sir John Coape Sherbrooke, a Governor-General of Canada. The Township was granted by the Indians to William Dickson (a lawyer) as a professional fee. Community centres: Stromness and Port Maitland.
  • South Cayuga, area 13,293 acres (54 km2).
  • Walpole, area 66,213 acres (268 km2). Community centres were: Hagersville, Jarvis, Selkirk, Cheapside and Nanticoke.

Source: Province of Ontario -- A History 1615 to 1927 by Jesse Edgar Middleton & Fred Landon, copyright 1927, Dominion Publishing Company, Toronto


Canada census – Haldimand County community profile
2011 2006
Population: 44,876 (-0.7% from 2006) 45,212 (3.4% from 2001)
Land area: 1,251.57 km2 (483.23 sq mi) 1,251.58 km2 (483.24 sq mi)
Population density: 35.9/km2 (93/sq mi) 36.1/km2 (93/sq mi)
Median age:
Total private dwellings: 19,108 18,386
Median household income:
References: 2011 2006 earlier

Population trend:

  • Population in 2006: 45,212
  • Population in 2001: 43,728
  • Population total in 1996: 42,041

Ethnocultural statistics

Only ethnic groups that comprise greater than 1% of the population are included. Note that a person can report more than one group.

  • English: 37.4%
  • "Canadian": 32.7%
  • Scottish: 24.9%
  • Irish: 20.1%
  • German: 18.4%
  • Dutch: 13.4%
  • French: 8.6%
  • Italian: 4.4%
  • Aboriginal: 3.3%
  • Ukrainian: 2.7%
  • Polish: 2.7%
  • Hungarian: 2.4%
  • Welsh: 2.0%
  • British Isles (other): 1.7%
  • Portuguese: 1.3%


Policing in the county is provided by the Haldimand detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police located in Cayuga.


Highways that travel through Haldimand include: Ontario Highway 3, and Ontario Highway 6.

Protected areas

  • Haldimand Conservation Area
  • Selkirk Provincial Park
  • Taquanyah Conservation Area
  • Hedley Forest Conservation Area
  • Canborough Conservation Area
  • Ruigrok Tract Conservation Area
  • Oswego Conservation Area
  • Byng Island Conservation Area
  • Rock Point Provincial Park
  • Mohawk Island National Wildlife Area


  • Canadian Heritage Grand River
  • Grand Valley Trail
  • Toronto Motorsports Park (Dragway Park)
  • Ruthven Park National Historic Site Mansion and Park
  • Haldimand County Museum & Archives (Cayuga)
  • Jukasa Motor Speedway
  • Grand River Dinner Cruises
  • Edinburgh Square Heritage Centre (Caledonia)
  • Killman Zoo
  • Cottonwood Mansion
  • Caledonia Grand Trunk Station
  • The Wilson Pugsley MacDonald Museum (c. 1872) is a National Historic Site of Canada on the Canadian Register of Historic Places. The Museum was named in honour of Wilson MacDonald
  • No. 6 RCAF Dunnville Museum
  • Canadian Drilling Rig Museum
  • Caledonia Old Mill
  • Byng Island Conservation Area and Pool
  • Mohawk Island Lighthouse (abandoned)
  • Townsend Planned Community (1970)
  • Nanticoke Generating Station

Surrounding Counties

  • Norfolk County
  • County of Brant
  • City of Hamilton
  • Regional Municipality of Niagara
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