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Houghton County, Michigan facts for kids

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Houghton County, Michigan
Map
Map of Michigan highlighting Houghton County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Statistics
Founded 1846
Seat Houghton
Largest City Houghton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,502 sq mi (3,890 km²)
1,009 sq mi (2,613 km²)
492 sq mi (1,274 km²), 33%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

36,628
36/sq mi (14/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website: www.houghtoncounty.net
Named for: Douglass Houghton
Copper-24624
Old specimen of native copper from Houghton County. Houghton County hosted a major copper-mining industry in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Houghton County is a county in the Upper peninsula in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 census, the population was 36,628. The county seat is Houghton. The County was set off in 1843, organized in 1846 and reorganized in 1848. It is named for geologist Douglass Houghton.

Houghton County is part of the Houghton, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area, which also includes Keweenaw County.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 1,502 square miles (3,890 km2), of which 1,009 square miles (2,610 km2) is land and 492 square miles (1,270 km2) (33%) is water.

The Portage Lift Bridge crosses Portage Lake, connecting Hancock and Houghton, Michigan, by crossing over Portage Lake, which is part of the river and canal system that crosses the entire peninsula. The Portage Lift Bridge is the world's heaviest and widest double-decked vertical lift bridge. Its center span "lifts" to provide 100 feet (30 m) of clearance for ships. Since rail traffic was discontinued in the Keweenaw, the lower deck accommodates snowmobile traffic in the winter. This is the only land-based link between the Keweenaw peninsula's north and south sections, making it crucial to local transportation.

Major highways

  • US 41
  • M-26
  • M-28
  • M-38
  • M-203
  • FFH 16

Airport

Prickett-Grooms Field (FAA LID: 6Y9), serves the county and surrounding communities.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

  • Keweenaw National Historical Park (part)
  • Ottawa National Forest (part)

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 708
1860 9,234 1,204.2%
1870 13,879 50.3%
1880 22,473 61.9%
1890 35,389 57.5%
1900 66,063 86.7%
1910 88,098 33.4%
1920 71,930 −18.4%
1930 52,851 −26.5%
1940 47,631 −9.9%
1950 39,771 −16.5%
1960 35,654 −10.4%
1970 34,652 −2.8%
1980 37,872 9.3%
1990 35,446 −6.4%
2000 36,016 1.6%
2010 36,628 1.7%
Est. 2015 36,380 −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960 1900-1990
1990-2000 2010-2013

The 2010 United States Census indicates Houghton County had a population of 36,628. This is an increase of 612 people from 2000, a growth of 1.7%. In 2010 there were 14,232 households and 8,093 families in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 18,635 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). 94.5% of the population were White, 2.9% Asian, 0.6% Native American, 0.5% Black or African American, 0.2% of some other race and 1.3% of two or more races. 1.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 32.5% were of Finnish, 14.0% German, 9.4% French, 6.2% English and 5.1% Irish ancestry.

There were 14,232 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.1% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.01.

The age distribution of the county was as follows: 20.6% were under the age of 18, 20.6% from 18 to 24, 20.3% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 15% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.1 years. The population was 45.9% female and 54.1% male.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,625, and the median income for a family was $48,506. The per capita income for the county was $18,556. About 12.6% of families and 22.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of people under the age of 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

History

Houghton County's history is heavily marked by immigration. At one of peaks of its population, the 1910 census had 40.6% of its population of 88,098 as foreign born, with 89.3% of the population being either foreign born or having at one or both of their parents as foreign born. Seventy percent (70.6%) of all voters were foreign born, and only 5.1% of voters were native born with native parents. This amalgam of immigrants from dozens of countries created a unique culture, especially once population growth stopped, and the county shrank in population to its current numbers. Heavily representative among many ethnicities were the Finnish. The same 1910 census listed 13.1% of the population having been born in Finland (which is just shy of one third (32.3%) of the population who were foreign-born). It is interesting to note that the 2010 Census lists almost the same proportion (32.5%) of the population as descended from Finnish ancestry.

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated places

Other unincorporated communities

Townships

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