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Jack Kilby
Jack Kilby.jpg
Born (1923-11-08)November 8, 1923
Died June 20, 2005(2005-06-20) (aged 81)
Nationality United States
Alma mater

University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign

University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
Awards Nobel Prize in Physics (2000)
National Medal of Science (1969)
IEEE Medal of Honor (1986)
Charles Stark Draper Prize (1989)
Computer Pioneer Award (1993)
Kyoto Prize (1993)
Harold Pender Award (2000)
Scientific career
Fields Physics, electrical engineering
Institutions Texas Instruments

Jack St. Clair Kilby (November 8, 1923 – June 20, 2005) was an American electrical engineer who took part (along with Robert Noyce) in the realization of the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments (TI) in 1958. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics on December 10, 2000. To congratulate him, American President Bill Clinton wrote, "You can take pride in the knowledge that your work will help to improve lives for generations to come."

Kilby is also the co-inventor of the handheld calculator and the thermal printer, for which he has the patents. He also has patents for seven other inventions.

Awards and honors

Recognition of Kilby's outstanding achievements have been made by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), including the election to IEEE Fellow in 1966, the IEEE David Sarnoff Award in 1966, co-recipient of the first IEEE Cledo Brunetti Award in 1978, the IEEE Centennial Medal in 1984 and the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1986. He was co-recipient of the Franklin Institute’s Stuart Ballantine Medal in 1966. In 1982 and 1989, he received the Holley Medal from the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). He was elected to member of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) in 1967, received the Academy's Vladimir K. Zworykin Award in 1975, and was co-recipient of the first NAE's Charles Stark Draper Prize in 1989. The Kilby Award Foundation was founded in 1980 in his honor, and the IEEE Jack S. Kilby Signal Processing Medal was created in 1995.

Kilby is also the recipient of the nation's most prestigious honors in science and engineering: the National Medal of Science in 1969, and the National Medal of Technology in 1990. In 1982, he was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.

In 1993, he was awarded the Kyoto Prize by the Inamori Foundation. He was awarded both the Washington Award, administered by the Western Society of Engineers and the Eta Kappa Nu Vladimir Karapetoff Award in 1999. In 2000, Kilby was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his breakthrough discovery, and delivered his personal view of the industry and its history in his acceptance speech.

Kilby was awarded nine honorary doctorate degrees from universities including Southern Methodist University, the University of Miami, University of Illinois, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Texas A&M University, Yale and Rochester Institute of Technology. The National Chiao Tung University (NCTU) in Taiwan awarded Kilby with a certificate of Honorary Professorship in 1998.

The Kilby Center, TI's research center for silicon manufacturing, is named after him.

The Jack Kilby Computer Centre at the Merchiston Campus of Edinburgh Napier University in Edinburgh is also named in his honor.

Kilby patents

  • Plug-in Circuit Units, filed December 1953, issued June 1959, assigned to Globe-Union, Inc.
  • Semiconductor Structure Fabrication, filed May 1959, issued January 1963
  • Miniature Semiconductor Integrated Circuit, filed May 1959, issued December 1963
  • Miniature Semiconductor Network Diode and Gate, filed May 1959, issued June 1964
  • Miniaturized Electronic Circuits, filed February 6, 1959, issued June, 1964
  • Miniaturized Self-contained Circuit Modules, filed May 1959, issued June 1964
  • Semiconductor Structure Fabrication, filed May 1959, issued April 1969
  • Thermal Printer, filed October 1965, issued February 1970
  • Miniature Electronic Calculator, originally filed September 1967, issued June 1974
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