kids encyclopedia robot

Jean Cocteau facts for kids

Kids Encyclopedia Facts
Jean Cocteau
Jean Cocteau b Meurisse 1923.jpg
Jean Cocteau in 1923
Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau

(1889-07-05)5 July 1889
Maisons-Laffitte, France
Died 11 October 1963(1963-10-11) (aged 74)
Milly-la-Foret, France
Cause of death Heart attack
Other names The Frivolous Prince
Occupation Novelist, poet, artist, filmmaker
Years active 1908–1963
Partner(s) Jean Marais (1937–1963)
Jean Cocteau signature.svg

Jean Cocteau (Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Coctea, 5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French artist, poet, novelist, dramatist, designer, boxing manager, playwright, moviemaker and actor.

Cocteau wrote or worked on 21 stage performances, some of which were ballets, and some were plays. Cocteau's movies, most of which he both wrote and directed, were particularly important in introducing the avant-garde into French cinema and influenced the upcoming French New Wave genre.

He also worked with Pablo Picasso on several projects and was friends with most of the European art community. In all his creative work, he was a modernist.

In 1955, Cocteau was made a member of the Académie Française and The Royal Academy of Belgium. During his life Cocteau was made a Commander of the Légion d'honneur.


Portrait of Jean Cocteau
Portrait of Jean Cocteau in his 20s by Spanish painter Federico de Madrazo y Ochoa

Cocteau's circle of associates, friends and lovers included Pablo Picasso, Jean Hugo, Jean Marais, Henri Bernstein, Marlene Dietrich, Coco Chanel, Erik Satie, María Félix, Édith Piaf (whom he cast in one of his one-act plays entitled Le Bel Indifferent in 1940), and Raymond Radiguet.

In the 1930s, Cocteau had an affair with Princess Natalie Paley, the beautiful daughter of a Romanov grand duke. Cocteau's longest-lasting relationships were with the French actors Jean Marais (who played 'tough guy' roles in movies and TV), and Édouard Dermit, whom Cocteau formally adopted. Cocteau cast Marais in four of his movies.

Cocteau died of a heart attack in Milly-la-Foret, Essonne.


Theatre and ballet

Cocteau wrote or worked on 21 stage performances, some of which were ballets, and some were plays.

He was involved in Diaghilev's Ballets Russes from the first season in Paris, 1909. He wrote scenarios (librettos) for Fokine's Le Dieu Blue in 1912, Massine's Parade in 1917 and Nijinska's Le Train Bleu in 1924. He also design company posters, and worked for several other ballet companies. He wrote many articles on dance, and made sketches of many in Diaghilev's circle.

In 1940, Le Bel Indifférent, Cocteau's play written for and starring Édith Piaf, was enormously successful.


Cocteau directed eleven movies in avant-gard style, wrote scripts for six movies and dialogue for three, and directed the photography for one more. Some of his most well-known were Blood of a Poet (1930), Les Parents terribles (1948), and Orpheus (1949).


Cocteau wrote extensively. including poetry. All of it is in French, but some is available in translation.

Cocteau wrote five novels. The most important of these was probably Les Enfants terribles (1929). He also published 23 books or pamphlets of original poetry, and 26 volumes of poetic criticism and collections. He illustrated 12 works of poetry. He made a number of recordings, mostly spoken poems.

Images for kids

kids search engine
Jean Cocteau Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.