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Katy, Texas
City
Katysign.JPG
Motto: "Small Town Charm with Big City Convenience"
Location in the state of Texas and Harris County
Location in the state of Texas and Harris County
Country United States
State Texas
Counties Harris, Fort Bend, Waller
Incorporated 1945
Area
 • Total 11.30 sq mi (29.26 km2)
 • Land 11.25 sq mi (29.15 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.11 km2)
Elevation 141 ft (43 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,102
 • Estimate (2015) 16,158
 • Density 1,436/sq mi (554.3/km2)
Demonym(s) Katyite
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 77400-77499
Area code(s) 281
FIPS code 48-38476
GNIS feature ID 1338960

Katy is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, within the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. The city is located in Harris, Fort Bend, and Waller counties. The population was 14,102 at the 2010 census, up from 11,775 at the 2000 census. The population was estimated to be 16,158 in 2015.

History

Stewart house katy 2008
Dr. James M. and Dove Stewart House, on the National Register of Historic Places

In the mid-1800s Katy was known as "Cane Island", named for the creek that runs through the area, a branch of Buffalo Bayou. The creek was filled with cane, presumed to have been planted by earlier residents to aid in fur trapping. In the middle of the flat coastal prairie, this "island" of cane was surrounded by an ocean of tall grass; thus the area became known as "Cane Island". The trail from Harrisburg to San Antonio, known as the San Felipe Road, ran right through it.

In 1845 James J. Crawford received a land grant that included this area. The hot summers, cold winters, thick mud and voracious mosquitoes made it difficult to attract settlers to the area. Thirty years later Crawford, John Sills, and freedmen Thomas and Mary Robinson were the only recorded residents of Cane Island. In 1893 the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad (now a part of Union Pacific) started laying rails through Cane Island. The railroad began operation in 1895.

That same year James Oliver Thomas laid out a town, and in January 1896 the town of Katy was named through Thomas's post office application. The name was based on the MKT Railroad (which was called "the Katy" by railroad officials) and the anticipations of prosperity its arrival would bring to the new town. The town developed around the original train stop and railroad tracks.

By the early 1900s many families had come by train and wagon to establish Katy. Several hotels, stores, liveries and saloons were prospering, and farms and ranches were being developed on the wild prairie. Cotton and peanuts were the first successful crops, but rice soon became the primary commodity crop. Katy later became known for rice farming; the first concrete rice driers in the state of Texas were built here in 1944 and still stand as landmarks.

In 1945 the city of Katy was incorporated as a municipality. Boundaries were determined by finding the area that contained the most residents and was reasonably sized so that it could be managed by city services. The city of Katy is now the anchor for the greater Katy area, defined by the boundaries of the 181 sq mi (470 km2) Katy Independent School District.

The construction and opening of Interstate 10 in 1966 allowed for rapid development of the area, as Houston expanded westward. The city has grown to a population of approximately 16,000 residents. Almost 270,000 people live in the Katy area, which has won national accolades for growth and sustainability.

In 2009 the Gadberry Group named Katy as one of "9 from 2009" most notable high-growth areas in the United States.

Geography

Katy
Map of Katy

The city of Katy is located at the three-border intersection of Harris, Fort Bend, and Waller counties, along Interstate 10, 29 miles (47 km) west of downtown Houston and 22 miles (35 km) east of Sealy. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Katy has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29.3 km2), of which 11.2 square miles (29.1 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 0.38%, is water.

Katy is often further defined as either "old Katy" or "the Katy area". Katy Independent School District. The "All Aboard Katy!" public art project and the Katy Area Economic Development Council's "Energy Grows Here" branding initiative are large-scale projects launched to help promote, identify and unite the Katy area.

Greater Katy includes new upscale developments and master-planned communities such as Cinco Ranch, Green Trails, Pin Oak Village, Grayson Lakes, Seven Meadows, and the new Pine Mill Ranch, Silver Ranch, Firethorne, Grand Lakes and Cane Island. It also encompasses suburban developments from the 1970s and 1980s, such as Memorial Parkway, Kelliwood and Nottingham Country.

The city of Houston's extraterritorial jurisdiction (ETJ) stretches well west of Katy. This means that most of the unincorporated lands in the Katy area may be annexed by the city of Houston at some time in the future. The city of Katy's ETJ, meanwhile, is limited to parcels of land west and north of the city itself.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Katy has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 849
1960 1,569 84.8%
1970 2,923 86.3%
1980 5,660 93.6%
1990 8,005 41.4%
2000 11,775 47.1%
2010 14,102 19.8%
Est. 2015 16,158 14.6%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census of 2000, there were 11,775 people in "Old Katy", 3,888 households, and 3,083 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,103.7 people per square mile (426.1/km²). There were 4,072 housing units at an average density of 381.7 per square mile (147.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.98% White, 4.24% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 8.65% from other races, and 2.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.75% of the population.

There were 3,888 households out of which 45.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.00 and the average family size was 3.37.

In the city, the population was spread out with 31.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,111, and the median income for a family was $57,741. Males had a median income of $38,412 versus $33,004 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,192. 8.4% of the population and 7.0% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 9.1% were under the age of 18 and 6.5% were 65 or older.

Parks and recreation

  • Harris County operates the Mary Jo Peckham Community Center at 5597 Gardenia Lane, Katy, Texas 77493.
  • The City of Katy Dog Park is located at 5414 Franz Road.
  • The annual Katy Rice Harvest Festival is two days of continuous live entertainment, craft and food booths, carnival and more.

Transportation

Mass transit

Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO) operates the Kingsland Park and Ride (Route 221) east of Katy at 21669 Kingsland Boulevard. In February 2008 METRO opened a new park and ride location at the Cinemark parking lots near the intersection of Grand Parkway and I-10. The new Route is #222. Currently, only these express routes operate to and from downtown Houston during morning and evening commute hours; METRO does not serve Katy with local routes, as most westbound bus lines in Houston terminate at or near Highway 6, a couple of miles before the Katy city limits.

Intercity buses

Greyhound Bus Lines operates the Katy Station at Millers Exxon. Megabus.com stops at Katy Mills en route between Austin, San Antonio and Houston. This serves as a park-and-ride location for riders from the Katy and Greater Houston area.

Airports

Privately owned airports for fixed-wing aircraft for public use located near Katy include:

  • Sack-O-Grande Acroport (also known as Harbican Airport) in unincorporated Harris County
  • Houston Executive Airport in unincorporated Waller County
  • West Houston Airport in unincorporated Harris County

Privately owned airports for private use include:

  • Hoffpauir Airport in unincorporated Harris County
  • Cardiff Brothers Airport in unincorporated Fort Bend County

Area airports with commercial airline service include George Bush Intercontinental Airport and William P. Hobby Airport, both of which are in Houston.

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