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Oscar Wilde
Photograph taken in 1882 by Napoleon Sarony
Photograph taken in 1882 by Napoleon Sarony
Born Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde
(1854-10-16)16 October 1854
Dublin, Ireland
Died 30 November 1900(1900-11-30) (aged 46)
Paris, France
Resting place Père Lachaise Cemetery
Occupation
  • Author
  • poet
  • playwright
Language English, French
Nationality Irish
Education Portora Royal School
Alma mater
Period Victorian era
Genre
  • Drama
  • short story
  • criticism
  • dialogue
  • journalism
Literary movement Aestheticism
Notable works
Spouse
Constance Lloyd
(m. 1884; died 1898)
Children
  • Cyril Holland
  • Vyvyan Holland
Relatives
  • William Wilde (father)
  • Jane Wilde (mother)
  • Willie Wilde (brother)

Signature

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish writer, poet and playwright. He wrote The Picture of Dorian Gray, and the plays Salomé, The Importance of Being Earnest, An Ideal Husband, and Lady Windermere's Fan.

Wilde was bisexual. He was married, and had two children.

Biography

Oscar wilde house targhe
Memorial plaque in Dublin

Wilde was an outstanding classical scholar, at Trinity College, Dublin, then at Magdalen College, Oxford University. In London, he worked as a journalist for four years. Known for his biting wit, flamboyant clothes, and glittering conversation, Wilde was one of the best known personalities of the day. It was his only novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, which brought him full recognition. Then he turned to writing drama. He wrote Salomé in French in Paris in 1891, but it was refused a licence. Despite this, Wilde produced four society comedies in the early 1890s, which made him one of the most successful playwrights of late Victorian London.

At the height of his fame and success he wrote his masterpiece play - The Importance of Being Earnest. It was first performed on 14 February 1895 at St. James's Theatre in London.

Quotations

  • I have the simplest tastes. I am always satisfied with the best.
  • A thing is not necessarily true because a man dies for it.
  • A poet can survive everything but a misprint.
  • We have really everything in common with America nowadays, except, of course, language.
  • On George Bernard Shaw: An excellent man: he has no enemies, and none of his friends like him.
  • Anybody can make history. Only a great man can write it.
  • Be yourself, everyone else is taken.

Famous books

Oscar Wilde - The Duchess of Padua
Oscar Wilde - The Duchess of Padua

Prose

  • The Canterville Ghost (1887)
  • The Happy Prince and Other Stories (1888)
  • Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories (1891)
  • Intentions (1891)
  • The Picture of Dorian Gray (1891)
  • A House of Pomegranates (1891)
  • The Soul of Man under Socialism (First published in the Pall Mall Gazette, 1891, first book publication 1904)
  • De Profundis (1905)
  • The Letters of Oscar Wilde (1960) This was rereleased in 2000, with letters uncovered since 1960, and new, detailed, footnotes by Merlin Holland.
  • Teleny or The Reverse of the Medal (Paris, 1893)

Plays

  • Vera; or, The Nihilists (1880)
  • The Duchess of Padua (1883)
  • Lady Windermere's Fan (1892)
  • A Woman of No Importance (1893)
  • Salomé (French version) (1893, first performed in Paris 1896)
  • Salomé: A Tragedy in One Act: Translated from the French of Oscar Wilde by Lord Alfred Douglas, illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley (1894)
  • An Ideal Husband (1895) (text)
  • The Importance of Being Earnest (1895)
  • La Sainte Courtisane and A Florentine Tragedy Fragmentary. First published 1908 in Methuen's Collected Works

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