Theodosius I facts for kids
|Emperor of the Roman Empire|
|Reign||August 378 - 15 May 392 (emperor in the east, with Gratian and Valentinian II in the west);
15 May 392 - 17 January 395 (whole empire)
|Born||January 11, 347 AD|
|Birthplace||Cauca, modern Spain|
|Died||January 17, 395 AD|
|Place of death||Milan Italy|
|Buried||Constantinople (Modern Day Istanbul)|
|Predecessor||Valens (in the east); Valentinian II in the west|
|Successor||Arcadius in the east;
Honorius in the west
|Wives||1) Aelia Flaccilla (?-385)
2) Galla, daughter of Valentinian I
|Children||Arcadius, Honorius, Pulcheria (?-385) and Galla Placidia|
|Father||Theodosius the Elder|
Flavius Theodosius (January 11, 347 – January 17, 395), also called Theodosius I and Theodosius the Great, was Roman Emperor from 379-395. He reunited the Eastern and Western Roman Empire, but was the last emperor of both parts of the empire. After his death, the two parts split permanently. He is also known for making Christianity the official state religion of the Roman Empire.
Where Theodosius was born is disputed. According to Hydatius and Zosimus, Theodosius was born in what is now Coca, Spain. However, Marcellinus Comes writes that he was from Italica, Hispania (now is Spain). His father was a military officer.
Theodosius died in Milan on January 17, 395.
Christianity as religion of Roman Empire
Theodosius made the Nicene Creed the official belief system of the Roman Empire. Prior to that, many different creeds were believed. The Nicene Creed states that that Jesus, the Son, is equal to God the Father. Other people, such as Arius, said that Jesus was inferior to the Father. Theodosius affirmed the faith that the Council of Nicea agreed on.
Images for kids
Missorium of Theodosius, found in 1847 in Almendralejo, Spain
The administrative divisions of the Roman Empire in 395, under Theodosius I.
Theodosius offers a laurel wreath to the victor, on the marble base of the Obelisk of Thutmosis III at the Hippodrome of Constantinople.
Saint Ambrose barring Theodosius from Milan Cathedral, Anthony van Dyck, c. 1620
Theodosius I Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.