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Tullamarine
MelbourneVictoria
City-link-tulla-toll-gantries.jpg
Tullamarine Freeway
Population 6,271 (2011 census)
 • Density 909/km2 (2,350/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 3043
Area 6.9 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
Location 17 km (11 mi) from Melbourne
LGA(s)
  • City of Brimbank
  • City of Hume
  • City of Moreland
State electorate(s) Sunbury
Federal Division(s) Calwell
Suburbs around Tullamarine:
Melbourne Airport Westmeadows Gladstone Park
Melbourne Airport Tullamarine Gladstone Park
Keilor Park Airport West Strathmore Heights

Tullamarine is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 17 km north-west of Melbourne's central business district. It is split between three local government areas—the cities of Brimbank, Hume and Moreland. At the 2011 census, Tullamarine had a population of 6,271.

The suburb is a collection of recent housing estates and light industry. Generally flat and exposed to the hot northerly winds of Melbourne's summer, as well as cold southerly winds in winter, its most notable feature is the nearby Melbourne Airport. Tullamarine's residential area is contained in a circular loop of the Moonee Ponds Creek, and its western boundary is the Melbourne Airport. Tullamarine contains the smaller residential area of Gladstone Park.

The Albion-Jacana railway line separates Tullamarine from Airport West to the south.

History

The name is thought to derive from Tullamareena, a young member of the Wurundjeri (who later in 1838 escaped from the first Melbourne Gaol, burning it down in the process) according to Reverend Langhorne, an advisor to the first government surveyor, Robert Hoddle. Forty years ago the area was named as Toolimerin.

Tullamarine Village was on Bulla or Lancefield Road, which is now Melrose Drive. It was positioned at the intersection of three municipal boundaries (Broadmeadows, Bulla and Keilor), which came together at Victoria Street and Melrose Drive. The primary school was on land now in the airport (south of Victoria Street) and the post office was near the present day Tullamarine Reserve. Originally Tullamarine extended westwards to the Organ Pipes National Park, and the nearby area bounded by the Maribyrnong River, Jacksons Creek and Deep Creek was called Tullamarine Island because of the difficulties faced by inhabitants in getting across the watercourses during wet weather.

When the land in the Tullamarine Parish was subdivided into farm lots in 1842 only one lot sold, and the rest were sold by selection in 1850. A Wesleyan school was opened in 1855 and two other schools in 1859 and 1864. The Wesleyan one continued until the State primary school was opened in 1884. Tullamarine Post Office opened on 4 March 1859. By 1865 Tullamarine had a hotel and a district population of about 200 persons.

In 1988, Anthony Rowhead of F.A.C. developed a scheme to rename roadways within the airport after aborigines, and pioneers of Tullamarine and aviation. It was fully developed when it was cancelled at the last moment with no reason given, with Gowrie Park Drive the only named road. It was named after the farm owned by James Lane in the 1920s when it was used as a landing ground by those daring young men who would visit the Inverness Hotel (near the north end of the runway). When Donovans had the farm during WW2, planes were parked there overnight in case a bombing raid struck Essendon Aerodrome.

Section 1 of the parish of Tullamarine was just over the river from Keilor. Its most noted occupants were Edward Wilson, editor of The Argus, and an acclimatation enthusiast, and Robert McDougall, a famed breeder of the Booth strain of Shorthorns. Section 2, Annandale, gave Annandale Road its name. Its most noted occupant was Bill Parr. Section 3 was granted to William Foster and became known as the Springs. His younger brother J.F.L.Foster took it, and section 21 Doutta Galla (south of Sharps Road) over later while he was acting Governor and the homestead on 21DG was called the Governor's House by locals. Section 21 became James Sharp's "Hillside" and the Crotty family's dairy farm called Broomfield. The southern part of Section 3 became the Reddans' "Brightview" and Tommy Loft's "Dalkeith". The Wesleyan School was near the bend in Cherie Street and the Methodist Church was on the south corner of Post office Lane at the northern boundary of Section 3. Also on Section 3 was the Junction Hotel (which later became The Greens Corner store run by Cec and Lily Green.) A 7-Eleven now stands on this site. Between there and Derby Street was "Broombank" farmed by John Cock, Keith Williams' parents and Ray Loft, on which stood David Niall's Lady of the Lake Hotel when Burke and Wills passed by.

Between Broadmeadows-Mickleham Rd and the Moonee Moonee Ponds was section 4, the southern half of which became E. E. Kenny's "Camp Hill" because diggers bound for the goldfields camped on his property. Eventually the part west of Bulla Rd (Melrose Drive)was sold off and became (Samuel) Mansfield's Triangle. The northern half of section 4 became Edmond Dunn's "Viewpoint". It was between Mickleham Road and the creek, north of Camp Hill Park to the Lackenheath Drive corner. North of Viewpoint was "Stewarton" whose occupant (1846–1855) was Peter McCracken, who later had a dairy in Kensington and built Ardmillan in Moonee Ponds. He was followed by John Kerr and, from 1892, by John Cock. A later prominent owner was Jim Barrow who had the first tractor in the district. Stewarton was renamed Gladstone and now, with Viewpoint, comprises the 1,014 acres (4.10 km2) of Gladstone Park.

On the west side of Broadmeadows Road (now Mickleham Road) was section 6. This and section 15 (north to the Westmeadows Football Ground) were granted to John Carre Riddell, after whom Riddells Creek was named. The land from Freight Road to the creek was a 450 acres (1.8 km2) farm called Chandos (after which a street was named in nearby Attwood) but in the early 1900s John Cock divided it into three farms; from the north, Judd's Chandos, Lockhart's 198 acres (0.80 km2) "Springburn" and Wright's "Strathconnan".

Section 7 was to the west and was granted to John Pascoe Fawkner. As Bulla Road bisected sections 6 and 7, Fawkner and Riddell swapped land so that Fawkner's was now to the south west and Riddell's to the north east. Fawkner divided his land into 7 acres (28,000 m2) blocks to enable his beloved yoeman farmers to obtain a block. James Henry Parr consolidated many of the blocks to form his farm "The Elms". Nearer to Grants Lane was the Loves' dairy farm. Riddell's land became Wallace Wright's "Sunnyside" (later Heaps) and Charles Nash's "Fairview". The area bounded by Derby Street as far north of Springbank was called Hamilton Terrace after Riddell's partner and subdivided into acre blocks. At the suggestion of Alec Rasmussen, the Tullamarine Progress Association bought Noah Holland's 6 acres and donated what is now called Tullamarine Reserve to Broadmeadows Shire in late 1929. A triangular part of section 15, now containing the airport terminal, later became the Paynes' "Scone".

Most of the airport is now on Section 14, "Gowrie Park", owned by the Ritchies of Aucholzie, James Lane and Donovan during most of the years until airport acquisitions began. Gowrie Park Drive recalls this farm. Section 8, east of McNabs Road and south of Grants Lane, was granted to John Grant and the McNabs. Grant's farm, the northern half, was called "Seafield" and the McNabs had two farms, Victoria Bank and Oakbank but the middle farm was absorbed into Oakbank. The two families are credited with introducing Ayrshire cattle into Australia. The Seafield School was where the runway crosses the line of Grants Lane.

Across McNabs Road was Fox's Barbiston and on the North of Barbiston Rd, the McNabs' second Victoria Bank (later owned by journalist Cornelius Percy Blom) and the Ritchies' Aucholzie. On both sides of Mansfields Road were farms owned by the descendants of David Mansfield. North of these farms was "Glenara" owned by Alister Clark, the breeder of the Black Rose and first Chairman of the Moonee Valley Racing Club until his death.

The three great leaders in Tullamarine's history were Alec Rasmussen, Major Murphy and Leo Dineen. The Spring Street Reserve was renamed after Leo because of his efforts to establish various sporting clubs and facilities. Alec Rasmussen was responsible for the progress association purchasing the Melrose Drive Reserve and donating it to Council. Walter Murphy moved two war memorials and Ann Greene's church as well as leading fire risk lessening burn offs (sources below).

The Tullamarine Methodist Church (just north of Trade Park Drive) was built in 1870 and managed to reach its centenary plus about two decades. It's stained glass windows were incorporated into the Uniting Church in Carrick Drive, Gladstone Park. Tullamarine State School 2613 was on the north corner of Conders Lane (Link Rd) but was relocated onto "Dalkeith" circa 1961 and given a new number. The Progress Association was formed in 1924 at a meeting convened by Tom Loft of Dalkeith (See The Argus 19 8 1924 page 13.). Tennis was played at the Johnson's Glendewar (east of the Airport Terminal buildings) until they moved to Cumberland (See The Argus 23 7 1914, page 4.). An application to play Sunday tennis at Tullamarine (Argus 1 9 1939 page 15) was refused but there is no evidence in newspapers of organised tennis apart from the above. By the 1930s, there was less demand for hay so pig farmers such as Heaps, Lacy and Payne (on the Airport Terminal site) became more common.

By the 1930s the Tullamarine Village also had a church, tennis and football clubs and a progress association. The chief activities were hay production and grazing. During the mid-1950s Tullamarine Village became an agricultural and residential township. Later in that decade the Federal Government announced that it was examining a site north and west of the township for a new airport, and land acquisition began in the early 1960s. The school was moved to a new site in 1961.

In 1955 the Village Drive-In was opened with one screen and a capacity of 862 Cars. The drive-in closed in 1984 and the site was developed into a housing estate with streets named after famous film studios such as Forum and Paramount.

Between 1967 and 1970 Tullamarine Freeway was built, dividing Tullamarine from its eastern area, which is Gladstone Park. The part west of the freeway has housing, a large industrial estate and is skirted by the Western Ring Road with interchanges where it crosses the freeway.

Present day

Sharps Road, which runs east-west near the southern border of Tullamarine, was until the late 1980s a single carriageway road. On its southern side was a line of tall pine trees hiding a small pony club. Today, Sharps Road is a bustling dual-carriageway road providing an alternative route from the Western Ring Road to Melbourne Airport.

In 1987 the median house price in Tullamarine was 97% of the median for metropolitan Melbourne, and in 1996 it was 82% of the metropolitan median.

Tullamarine had census populations of 82 (1891), 190 (1921) and 204 (1947). Later population estimates were 385 (1955) and 1,666 (1966). The current population of Tullamarine is 8,758 as at September 2005.

Climate

Tullamarine's climate is generally the same as Melbourne's, with some slight variation.

Climate data for Melbourne Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 44.6
(112.3)
46.8
(116.2)
40.8
(105.4)
34.5
(94.1)
27.0
(80.6)
21.8
(71.2)
22.7
(72.9)
25.6
(78.1)
30.2
(86.4)
36.0
(96.8)
39.6
(103.3)
43.8
(110.8)
46.8
(116.2)
Average high °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
26.5
(79.7)
24.0
(75.2)
20.3
(68.5)
16.6
(61.9)
13.6
(56.5)
13.1
(55.6)
14.4
(57.9)
16.6
(61.9)
19.2
(66.6)
21.9
(71.4)
24.4
(75.9)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
14.1
(57.4)
12.6
(54.7)
10.2
(50.4)
8.3
(46.9)
6.2
(43.2)
5.4
(41.7)
5.9
(42.6)
7.0
(44.6)
8.4
(47.1)
10.4
(50.7)
12.0
(53.6)
9.5
(49.1)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
4.8
(40.6)
3.7
(38.7)
1.2
(34.2)
0.6
(33.1)
-0.9
(30.4)
-2.5
(27.5)
-2.5
(27.5)
-1.1
(30)
1.3
(34.3)
0.9
(33.6)
3.5
(38.3)
-2.5
(27.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.1
(1.618)
44.4
(1.748)
37.8
(1.488)
43.2
(1.701)
40.1
(1.579)
39.8
(1.567)
35.4
(1.394)
46.2
(1.819)
46.5
(1.831)
54.7
(2.154)
63.0
(2.48)
48.8
(1.921)
540.4
(21.276)
Humidity 44 44 47 52 60 67 65 59 56 52 49 45 53
Avg. precipitation days 8.4 7.0 9.0 10.2 12.5 13.5 14.0 15.4 14.1 13.4 11.6 9.5 138.6

Transport

There are five public bus routes that run through Tullamarine.

Railway stations nearest to Tullamarine are Broadmeadows and Jacana, both on the Craigieburn line.

There are various roads that run through Tullamarine- linking to residential homes, motorways, city and airport.

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