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Yahya Jammeh
يحيى جامع
Gambia President Yahya Jammeh.jpg
2nd President of the Gambia
In office
22 July 1994 – 19 January 2017
Vice President Isatou Njie-Saidy
Preceded by Dawda Jawara
Succeeded by Adama Barrow
Personal details
Yahya Abdul-Aziz Jemus Junkung Jammeh

25 May 1965 (1965-05-25) (age 55)
Kanilai, Gambia
Political party Alliance for Patriotic Reorientation and Construction
Spouse(s) Zeinab Suma
Alima Sallah (possibly divorced)
Children Mariam
Alma mater Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation
Military service
Allegiance The Gambia
Branch/service Gambian National Army
Years of service 1984–1996
Rank Colonel

Yahya Abdul-Aziz Jemus Junkung Jammeh (born 25 May 1965) is a Gambian politician and former military officer who was the leader of The Gambia from 1994 to 2017, firstly as chairman of the Armed Forces Provisional Ruling Council (AFPRC) from 1994 to 1996 and then as President of the Gambia from 1996 to 2017.

Jammeh was born in Kanilai, and is a Muslim of the Jola ethnic group. He attended Gambia High School in Banjul from 1978 to 1983 and served in the Gambia National Gendarmerie from 1984 to 1989. He was then commissioned as an officer of the Gambia National Army, commanding the Military Police from 1992 to 1994. In July 1994, he led a bloodless coup d'etat that overthrew the government of Dawda Jawara and installed himself as chairman of AFPRC, a military junta, and ruled by decree until his election as president in 1996.

Jammeh was re-elected as president in 2001, 2006 and 2011, but lost to Adama Barrow in 2016. His time in office saw the authoritarian oppression of anti-government journalists, LGBT people and opposition parties. His foreign policy led to a constantly strained relationship with the sole neighbouring country of Senegal. In 2013, Jammeh withdrew the Gambia from the Commonwealth of Nations, and in 2016 he began the process of withdrawing it from the International Criminal Court (later rescinded by the Barrow government).

Jammeh is accused of having stolen millions of dollars from the country to fund a life of luxury. After leaving office, his assets were frozen by many countries and he went into exile. He is accused of corruption and human rights violations.

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