Ardèche facts for kids
Location of Ardèche in France
|• Total||5,528.6 km2 (2,134.6 sq mi)|
|• Density||58.3115/km2 (151.0261/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
The department of Ardèche was created on 4 March 1790 with seven districts: Annonay, Aubenas, L'Argentière, Privas, Tournon, Vernoux and Villeneuve-de-Berg. The capital was Privas alternating with Annonay, Aubenas, Le Bourg(-Saint-Andéol) and Tournon. In August of that year, the number of districts was reduced to three: Mézenc, Aubenas and Tanargue. In September, Privas became the only capital of the department.
In 1800, with the creation of the arrondissements in France, the three districts were changed into three arrondissements: Privas, L'Argentière and Tournon.
On 18 March 1988, Tournon changed its name to Tournon-sur-Rhône.
The department is surrounded by 7 departments in 3 regions:
- Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
- Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region
- Vaucluse (southeast)
- Occitanie region
The highest point in the department is Mont Mézenc ( ). It is 1,753 m (5,751 ft) high.; it is in the northwest of the department, on the border with the Haute-Loire department. The lowest point, 40 m (131 ft) above sea level, is where the Ardèche river flows into the Rhône (in the south east of the department).
The main rivers in Ardèche are:
- Loire, that flows through the western part of the department and ends in the Atlantic Ocean.
- Rhône, that makes the eastern border of the department and ends in the Mediterranean Sea.
- Ardèche, a tributary of the Rhône.
The Köppen climate classification type for the climate at Privas is an "Oceanic climate" (also known as Maritime Temperate climate) and of the subtype Cfb. The southern part of the department has a Mediterranean climate of the subtype Csb.
The following is a list of the 17 cantons of the Ardèche department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:
- Annonay-1 (0701)
- Annonay-2 (0702)
- Aubenas-1 (0703)
- Aubenas-2 (0704)
- Bourg-Saint-Andéol (0705)
- Le Cheylard (0706)
- Guilherand-Granges (0707)
- Lamastre (0708)
- Le Pouzin (0709)
- Privas (0710)
- Sarras (0711)
- Le Teil (0712)
- Thueyts (0713)
- Tournon-sur-Rhône (0714)
- Vallon-Pont-d'Arc (0715)
- Les Vans (0716)
- La Voulte-sur-Rhône (0717)
The inhabitants of Ardèche are known, in French, as Ardéchois (women: Ardéchoises).
Ardèche had a population, in 2014, of 322,381, for a population density of 58.3 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Tournon-sur-Rhône, with 135,786 inhabitants, is the arrondissement with more inhabitants.
Evolution of the population in Allier
The communes in the department with more than 7,000 inhabitants are:
- Cantons of the Ardèche department
- Arrondissements of the Ardèche department
- Communes of the Ardèche department
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Ardèche Facts for Kids. Kiddle Encyclopedia.