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Lozère
Department
Prefecture building of the Lozère department, in Mende
Prefecture building of the Lozère department, in Mende
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Location of Lozère in France
Location of Lozère in France
Country France
Region Occitanie
Area
 • Total 5,166.9 km2 (1,995.0 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 76,360
 • Rank 101st
 • Density 14.7787/km2 (38.2766/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Lozériens
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code FR-48
Arrondissements 2
Cantons 13
Communes 185
Website http://lozere.fr/

Lozère (Occitan: Losera) is a department in the region of Occitanie in southern France near the Massif Central. It is named after Mont Lozère.

History

Lozère was created in 1790 during the French Revolution, when the whole of France was divided into departments, replacing the old provinces. Lozère was formed with part of the old province of Languedoc.

Les Sources and Hautes-Cèvennes were two other names proposed for this department but they were not accepted.

Geography

Lozère has an area of 5,166.9 km2 (1,995 sq mi). It is surrounded by 5 departments belonging to 2 regions:

The Lozère is divided into four natural regions, covering four mountain ranges:

  1. The Aubrac. It is a plateau in the northwest of the department that rises between 1,000 m (3,281 ft) and 1,450 m (4,757 ft), with a cold humid climate. The highest point is Signal de Mailhebiau with 1,469 m (4,820 ft).
  1. The Margeride. Located in the northeast of the department, these mountains are of granite and well forested. The climate here is cold, but dryer than the climate in Aubrac. The highest point is Signal de Randon with 1,551 m (5,089 ft).
  1. The Causses. These are a series of very dry limestone plateaus in the south-west of the department.
  1. The Cévennes, a southern part of the Massif Central and that is found in the south-east of the department. Here is the highest point in the department, Mont Lozère at 1,702 m (5,584 ft).

Three important rivers start in the department:

Administration

The département is managed by the Departamental Council of Lozère in Mende. Lozère is part of the region of Occitanie.

Administrative divisions

There are 2 arrondissements (districts), 13 cantons and 176 communes (municipalities) in Lozère.

INSEE
code
Arrondissement Capital Population
(2014)
Area
(km²)
Density
(inh./km²)
Communes
481 Florac Florac Trois Rivières 13,313 1,687.5 7.9 44
482 Mende Mende 63,047 3,479.4 18.1 132

The following is a list of the 13 cantons of the Lozère department (with their INSEE codes), following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

  1. Aumont-Aubrac (4801)
  2. La Canourgue (4802)
  3. Chirac (4803)
  4. Le Collet-de-Dèze (4804)
  5. Florac (4805)
  6. Grandrieu (4806)
  7. Langogne (4807)
  8. Marvejols (4808)
  9. Mende-1 (4809)
  10. Mende-2 (4810)
  11. Saint-Alban-sur-Limagnole (4811)
  12. Saint-Chély-d'Apcher (4812)
  13. Saint-Étienne-du-Valdonnez (4813)

Demographics

The inhabitants of Lozère are known, in French, as Lozériens (women: Lozériennes).

Lozère is the least populated French department. It has a population, in 2014, of 76,360, for a population density of 14.8 inhabitants/km2. The arrondissement of Mende, with 63,047 inhabitants, is by far the largest. The other arrondissement, Florac, have 13,313 inhabitants.

The only important city is Mende with 11,542 people living there in 2014. The subprefecture, Florac Trois Rivières, has 2,107 inhabitants.

Evolution of the population in Lozère

The cities with more than 2,000 inhabitants in the department are:

City Population
(2014)
Arrondissement
Mende 11,542 Mende
Marvejols 4,882 Mende
Saint-Chély-d'Apcher 4,169 Mende
Langogne 2,903 Mende
Bourgs sur Colagne 2,136 Mende
La Canourgue 2,108 Mende
Florac Trois Rivières 2,107 Florac

Gallery

Saint Chely Tarn
View of the Tarn river, in the Tarn Gorges (Lozère)

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