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William Ewart Gladstone

FRS FSS
Gladstone W.E. Ols.jpg
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
In office
3 December 1868 – 17 February 1874
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Benjamin Disraeli
Succeeded by Benjamin Disraeli
In office
23 April 1880 – 9 June 1885
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by The Earl of Beaconsfield
Succeeded by The Marquess of Salisbury
In office
1 February 1886 – 20 July 1886
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by The Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded by The Marquess of Salisbury
In office
15 August 1892 – 2 March 1894
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by The Marquess of Salisbury
Succeeded by The Earl of Rosebery
Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
28 December 1852 – 28 February 1855
Prime Minister The Earl of Aberdeen
Preceded by Benjamin Disraeli
Succeeded by George Cornewall Lewis
In office
18 June 1859 – 26 June 1866
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
The Earl Russell
Preceded by Benjamin Disraeli
Succeeded by Benjamin Disraeli
In office
11 August 1873 – 17 February 1874
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Robert Lowe
Succeeded by Stafford Northcote
In office
28 April 1880 – 16 December 1882
Prime Minister Himself
Preceded by Stafford Northcote
Succeeded by Hugh Childers
Secretary of State for War and the Colonies
In office
23 December 1845 – 27 June 1846
Prime Minister Robert Peel
Preceded by The Earl of Derby
Succeeded by The Earl of Grey
President of the Board of Trade
In office
15 May 1843 – 5 February 1845
Prime Minister Robert Peel
Preceded by The Earl of Ripon
Succeeded by The Earl of Dalhousie
Member of Parliament
In office
8 January 1833 – 30 January 1846
Preceded by Thomas Wilde
Succeeded by John Stuart
Constituency Newark
In office
26 August 1847 – 7 August 1895
Preceded by Thomas Grimston Estcourt
Succeeded by Thomas Gibson-Carmichael
Constituency Oxford University (1847–65)
South Lancashire (1865–68)
Greenwich (1868–80)
Midlothian (1880–95)
Personal details
Born (1809-12-29)29 December 1809
62 Rodney Street, Liverpool, England
Died 19 May 1898(1898-05-19) (aged 88)
Hawarden Castle, Wales
Resting place Westminster Abbey
Nationality British
Political party
Spouse(s)
Catherine Glynne (m. 1839)
Children 8, including
  • William
  • Helen
  • Henry
  • Herbert
Parents Sir John Gladstone (father)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford
Signature Cursive signature in ink

William Ewart Gladstone FRS FSS (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British Victorian politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for the Liberal Party in four terms between 1868 and 1894.

His career lasted more than 60 years. He served as Liberal Prime Minister four times. This was more than any other person (1868–1874, 1880–1885, 1886 and 1892–1894). Gladstone was 84 years old when he resigned for the last time. This made him Britain's oldest ever Prime Minister. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer four times (1853–1855, 1859–1866, 1873–1874 and 1880–1882).

Gladstone was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford.



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